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-A mammogram is an X-ray of the breasts. A mammogram is an important screening test for breast cancer. Used along with other tests, a mammogram can help detect breast cancer at an early stage when it is most curable. A mammogram can find some lumps or abnormalities that you or your doctor may not feel with a manual breast exam. A mammogram will create a detailed image of the breast to show the size and shape of a lump or change in the breast. 

A normal mammogram shows no breast lumps or other irregularities in the images. An abnormal result might indicate benign (noncancerous) tumors, cysts, breast cancer (cancerous tumors), calcium deposits, or dense areas of breast tissue. A radiologist will review your mammogram images and discuss them with your doctor. Your doctor will then discuss the results with you. Together, you will decide what next steps (if any) you need to take based on the mammogram results.

A mammogram is only one method used to screen for breast cancer and other breast abnormalities. Discuss all of your screening options with your doctor to understand which methods should be used and when.